B A B E S C H Annual Papers on Mediterranean Archaeology

Andrea Waters-Rist, Ruurd Halbertsma and Karen Jeneson
The Lady of the Simpelveld Sarcophagus: an Osteo-Archaeological Approach

The Roman-period burial chest from Simpelveld has captured the interest of archaeologists and the public since its discovery in 1930. Substantial looting has disturbed the original contents, but there remains some cremated human material. Despite the incomplete and fragmented nature of these remains, this paper demonstrates that through detailed and advanced analyses much can be learned about the person buried in the chest. Macroscopic and microscopic analyses are undertaken to reconstruct variables about the cremation process, estimate sex and age-at-death, and document pathological conditions. The results reveal the Simpelveld chest’s occupant was a middle-aged (35-49 years) female, free from pathological lesions or skeletal anomalies, most notably lacking any signs of osteoarthritis. This osteobiographic profile largely matches the representation of the lady on the inside of the chest, suggesting it was made specifically for her and, with the lack of osteoarthritis, that she probably lived a privileged life. This study improves our understanding of this lady and Roman-period villa life in the south of the Netherlands in general.

Article in volume 92, 2017, pages 187-208

The other articles in volume 92, 2017

Maxime Scrinzi
Settlements and Territories in Southern France between the Iron Age and the Late-Republican Period (7th to 1st Century BC): the Vidourle Valley view the abstract

Jeremy Mark Hayne
Interazioni e mutamenti tra la prima e la seconda età del Ferro nella Sardegna centrale view the abstract

Enrico Giovanelli
L’animale cangiante: una messa a punto su chimere e varianti nella cultura figurativa dell’Italia preromana tra area tirrenica e area adriatica in età orientalizzante — view the abstract

Denise Demetriou
Beyond Polis Religion: Religious Practices in the Cosmopolitan Emporion of Naukratisview the abstract

F. Muscolino
Un cratere attico a figure rosse con graffito commerciale menzionante kothones e arysteresview the abstract

Marcella Pisani
Storie di lite ‘ordinaria’ nel gruppo fittile di attori comici da Tebeview the abstract

M.F. Rönnberg
Zum Sarkophag des Larth Velcha in Tarquinia und dem Export karthagischer Marmorsarkophage nach Etrurienview the abstract

Graham Cuvelier
Demeter’s Arrival at Eleusis on an Apulian Oinochoe kept in Foggiaview the abstract

L. Bouke van der Meer
Mutnuc, Hercle with assistant, and Lasa on an Etruscan bronze mirrorview the abstract

Tamara M. Dijkstra, Jan Zacharias van Rookhuijzen, Sjoukje M. Kamphorst
Investigating ancient Halos view the abstract
Marking forty years of archaeological research on a city in Thessaly

Helke Kammerer-Grothaus
Monumenti funerari in opus latericium al V miglio della via Appia anticaview the abstract

Sadi Maréchal
A note on the drainage of pools in Roman bathsview the abstract

Ruurd Halbertsma
One more note on the Constantinian Cameo in Leiden view the abstract